Getting admitted to premier educational institutions is often considered as the stepping stone to a secured future. For the same reason, an IIT/IIM/AIIMS admission in India is at times the most needed for many students. There is no class or caste difference in this scene, and ultimately it the aim that matters. It is this demand, which is often projected as the Indians’ weakness, that is exploited by the booming coaching class industry.
According to the estimates the industry is worth Rs 2.4 lakh crores, with Kota in Rajasthan being the coaching capital. Other key centers are spread across the metros and high tech cities like Bangalore and Hyderabad. The sector is highly unregulated, with institutes springing up in every nook and corner of the country. Its wide penetration is often seen as a reason for increased stress among students, financial debt for the families and reducing quality of education with faculties inclining more towards the lucrative business.
Considering this, Government of India is planning to tighten its grip over the sector by implementing the recommendations of Ashok Misra committee. It has been constituted in October 2015, mainly to recommend changes to the IIT-JEE pattern. According to one of the committee members, the unchecked growth of the sector is hindering the quality education at the school level and putting heavy burden on parents.
However the coaching institute managers do not see this as a welcoming move. According to them, it is the lackadaisical approach of the government towards education, that drives students towards such classes. An ASSOCHAM survey in 2013 has also predicted that the sector would grow to a 2.39 lakh crore industry by 2015.