If reports quoted by the magazine ‘Foreign Policy’ are true, then India is building a top secret nuclear facility in Southern Karnataka. It is speculated that the project work has started early in 2012.
As per the reports,” tribal pasture land was blocked off with a barbed wire fence at Challakere for a project that experts say will be the subcontinent’s largest military-run complex of nuclear centrifuges, atomic-research laboratories, and weapons and aircraft-testing facilities when it’s completed, probably sometime in 2017.”
The magazine also lists about the production of fuel for India’s nuclear reactors, expansion of government’s nuclear research, and helping country’s fleet of new submarines – project’s primary aims. It says another controversial ambition according to according to retired Indian government officials and independent experts in London and Washington, is to give India an extra stockpile of enriched uranium fuel that could be used in new hydrogen bombs, also known as thermonuclear weapons, substantially increasing the explosive force of those in its existing nuclear arsenal.
According to the magazine, experts are of the opinion that they might respond by ratcheting up their own nuclear firepower. Pakistan, in particular, considers itself a military rival, having engaged in four major conflicts with India, as well as frequent border skirmishes.
However, Western knowledge about how India’s weapons are stored, transported, and protected, and how the radiological and fissile material that fuels them is guarded and warehoused — the chain of custody — remains rudimentary, it adds.