India Stands Vulnerable to Climate Change
The impacts of climate change will be felt profoundly with increased chances for spread of malaria in newer areas. This was said in a written reply in Lok Sabha by Environment Minister Prakash Javdekar. According to him a study titled ‘Climate change and India: a 4×4 assessment a sectoral and regional analysis for 2030s’ has projected a variable rate of change in agricultural production including losses in some crops and change in the composition of forest and net primary productivity. It was published by the Ministry of Environment and Forests in 2010
Chances for extreme precipitation events to occur frequently are also projected. Impacts of climate change on the key four sectors of Indian Economy are also assessed by the report. These are agriculture, water, forest and human health in four climate sensitive regions of India viz, Himalayan region, Western Ghats, the coastal region and the Northeast region.
“Water yield is project to increase in the Himalayan region whereas it is likely to be variable across other three regions. Malaria is project to spread to new areas and threats of its transmission are likely to increase in duration,” the study said.
The minister has also stressed on India’s intention at G-20, to meet its vast and growing energy needs in a sustainable manner in his speech.
India has targeted additional 175 GW of renewable energy by 2022, cut back subsidies on fossil fuel and imposed carbon cess on coal. It also aims to have 40 % of its energy from non-fossil fuel based energy sources by 2030. “India has further advocated measures like increase research and development in clean and renewable energy and reduce cost of it to make it affordable and accessible for all,” Javadekar said.