To tackle the increasing menace of vehicle pollution, India will go directly from Euro IV complaint diesel and petrol to Euro VI norms by 2020. This has been informed by Oil Minister Dharmendra Pradhhan today.
“We are not going for Bharat Stage V (or Euro-V) petrol and diesel as there is not much difference between BS-V and BS-VI (Euro-VI) fuel. We will bring BS-VI fuel by 2020,” he said. BS-IV will be applicable to most of the cities by April 2016 and it will be available throughout the country from 2017 onwards. As of now India is having BS-III across the country, which is the equivalent of Euro-III norms.
It is estimated however that, in order to upgrade the petrol and diesel standards so as to meet the cleaner fuel specifications by 2020, the oil refineries may need to invest Rs 80000 crores. According to the minister, the government does not see any need for the refineries to invest initially in upgrading quality to BS-V and then again invest to BS-VI.
While BS-IV fuels contain 50 parts per million (ppm) sulphur, BS-V and BS-VI grade fuel will have 10 ppm sulphur. At present BS-III grade is used all over the country except for the whole of North India, including J&K, Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Delhi, parts of Rajasthan and western UP, which uses BS-IV.
From April 1, 2016, all of Goa, Kerala, Karnataka, Telangana, Odisha, Union Territories of Daman and Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Andaman & Nicobar will get BS-IV fuel. The rest of the country will get supplies of BS-IV fuel from April 1, 2017.