Water crisis is one of the most dreadful things that one faces in ones life. The recent case of water scarcity in Latur, Marthawada region in Maharashtra is an eye-opener for one and all to think about how each drop of water is so precious.
Water is a key player that controls almost the whole body and it also controls the diseases that are spread when adequate water is not available. Some of the diseases that are spread due to water scarcity are the following:-
1) Trachoma (eye disease)
This disease is caused by a bacterium Chlaymydia trachomatis. This bacterium causes the break down of the outer surface of the cornea, roughening of the inner surface of that eyelids or eyelid inversion and may also lead to complete blindness. This can spread directly or indirectly due to lack of clean water and poor sanitation. The bacterium can spread through unwashed hands or towels of the infected person.
It is caused by a virus, bacterium or parasite and affects the intestine. The infection is spread from food or water that is contaminated from stool or directly from the infected person through contact. The flies are major carriers for spreading the disease by sitting on the feaces . It can be prevented by drinking loads of clean water, proper sanitation and by washing hands properly.
3) Amoebic Dysentery
It is similar to diarrhoea but will be having blood stains on stools. It is caused by the amoeba Entamoeba hystolytica. The mode of transmission is through contaminated water and food. These amoeba form infective cysts on stools and spreads through flies or whoever has contact with the stools and does not wash hands properly.
Cholera is caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. This infection also affects the small intestine and the mode of transmission is same is through contaminated food and water which contains human faeces containing the bacterium. Here also poor sanitation, poverty and scarcity of clean water are the major villains.
This disease is caused by the parasite, flagellate protozoan Giardia lambda. It mainly affect the digestive tract and almost all the digestive tract diseases are caused by the insufficient clean drinking water.
This disease is caused by the bacterium Salmonella typhi. It mainly affects the intestine and spreads in the blood. This disease is also caused by eating or drinking food or water that is contaminated by the faeces of the infected persons which directly points to the scarcity of water.
7) Hepatitis A & E
This is a viral infection affecting the liver. The mode of transmission in all these diseases is by consuming water and food contaminated by the virus causing it.
8) Worm disease
Hook worm and guinea worm disease is caused by the corresponding parasites. It lives inside the intestine of the host and is spread through the faeces (which contains this parasite) contaminates water and food.