India occupies top slot in modern slavery index
The 2016 global slavery index has found that more than 45 crore people are subjected to modern slavery in different part of the world.
India is the one of the countries were the prevalence of the modern slavery is high when compared to other nations.
The index lists 167 countries according to the existence of slavery and India ranks as the fourth country which has the highest number of slaves.
Other countries that gives India company are North Korea, Uzbekistan, Cambodia, and Qatar.
The countries with the lowest estimated prevalence of slavery by the proportion of their population are Luxembourg, Ireland, Norway, Denmark, Switzerland, Austria, Sweden and Belgium, United States Canada, Australia and New Zealand.
The index is prepared by the rights group Walk Free Foundation. According to the report 1.4% of the population in India are living under the condition of modern slavery.
The countries with the highest absolute numbers of people in modern slavery are India, China, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Uzbekistan. These countries provide the low-cost labour that produces consumer goods for markets in Western Europe, Japan, North America and Australia.
The survey says 45.8 million people are living in modern slavery globally and 58% of them are concentrated in India, China, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Uzbekistan.
The official website of the Global Slavery Index cites different reasons for the prevalence of modern slavery. “The presence or absence of protection and respect for rights, physical safety and security, access to the necessities of life such as food, water and health care, and patterns of migration, displacement and conflict”
The index was prepared after statistical testing grouped 24 measures of vulnerability to slavery into four dimensions covering civil and political protections, social health and economic rights, personal security, and refugee populations and conflict.
Indian government had formulated measures to address new forms of bondage such as organised begging rings, prostitution and child labour.
Though bonded labour is abolished in India in 1976, it is still prevalent in many parts of the country under various guises.