In a diplomatic success, India on Monday became a full member of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), three days after it failed to join the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) following China’s opposition.
External Affairs Ministry Spokesperson Vikas Swarup said, New Delhi had applied for membership of MTCR last year and all the procedural formalities have been completed. He said, Foreign Secretary S. Jaishankar will sign the document of accession into MTCR in the presence of Ambassadors of France, The Netherlands and Luxembourg in Seoul today.
“We applied for the membership of MTCR last year and all the procedural formalities have been completed. Tomorrow, Foreign Secretary S Jaishankar will sign the document of accession into MTCR in the presence of Ambassadors of France, Netherlands and Luxembourg,” Vikas Swarup said.
“India would like to thank each of the 34 MTCR Partners for their support for the membership,” the MEA added.
The MTCR membership will enable India to buy high-end missile technology and also enhance its joint ventures with Russia.
The aim of the MTCR is to restrict the proliferation of missiles, complete rocket systems, unmanned air vehicles, and related technology for those systems capable of carrying a 500 kilograms payload at least 300 kilometres, as well as systems intended for the delivery of weapons of mass destruction (WMD).
MTCR partner countries are keen to encourage all countries to observe the MTCR guidelines on transfers of missiles and related technology as a contribution to common security. A country can choose to adhere to the guidelines without being obligated to join the group, and several have done so. MTCR Partners welcome opportunities to conduct broader dialogue on proliferation issues with such countries.
The Regime’s controls are applicable to certain complete rocket systems (to include ballistic missiles, space launch vehicles (SLVs), and sounding rockets) and unmanned air vehicle (UAV) systems (to include cruise missiles, drones, UAVs, and remotely piloted vehicles (RPVs)). Partners also recognize the importance of controlling the transfer of missile-related technology without disrupting legitimate trade and acknowledge the need to strengthen the objectives of the Regime through cooperation with countries outside the Regime.
Significantly, China, which opposed India’s entry into the 48-nation Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) at the just-concluded Seoul plenary, is not a member of 34-nation MTCR.
The MTCR has made concerted efforts to reduce global missile proliferation, recognizing the growing international consensus that could be directed into practical action to reduce this threat. Against this backdrop, MTCR partners initiated the process that resulted in The Hague Code of Conduct.
“India has joined the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) this morning. The MTCR Point of Contact in Paris has conveyed the decision regarding India’s accession to the regime through the Embassy of France in New Delhi as well as the Embassies of The Netherlands and Luxembourg,” the Ministry of External Affairs said.
India became the 35th member of the MTCR, of which China awaits membership.
India first applied for the membership in 2008 and China in 2004.