Female smokers are at a higher risk of developing subarachnoid hemorrhage (SH), a condition characterized by bleeding in the lining between brain’s surface and tissues.
Women smoking more than a packet of cigarette a day (21 to 30 cigarettes) are eight times more likely to develop SH, that would eventually turn to stroke than non- smokers. Studies have shown that though smoking increased the risk of SH in both men and women alike, women faced a higher risk. The chance of stroke increased when they exercised or had sex .
“Female sex has been described as an independent risk factor for subarachnoid hemorrhage, but we found strong evidence that the elevated risk in women is explained by vulnerability to smoking,” lead author Joni Valdemar Lindbohm, physician at the University of Helsinki in Finland said, according to the ANI.
It has also been found out that even in case of light smokers (1 to 10 cigarettes per day), women are 2.95 times more likely to have SH than non-smokers. In case of men, it was 1.93 times.
Women who smoked 11 to 20 cigarettes per day are 3.89 times more likely to have SH compared to non-smokers while in the case of men, it was 2.13 times. Female smokers are more vulnerable to SH than male smokers.
Age, Sex and life style risk factors play a crucial role in predicting which patients are at the risk of developing SH. According to the American Heart Association, SH accounts for almost three percent of all strokes.The younger generation is most affected by these strokes as one in five who develop stroke die, but others have a risk of complications like long – term disabilities.
Studies have also found that smokers who quit smoking had a fewer chance of developing SH. Further more, the studies if one stops smoking for as long as six month period, the risk gets reduced to the level of people who do not smoke . But there is no safe level of smoking and the best option is never to start.