The discovery of penicillin by Alexander Fleming in 1928 changed the direction of the medical world by making man conquer over bacteria, virus and fungal infections. Later, antibiotics began to be used for treating different ailments from flu to the ones that needed surgical operations.
The use of antibiotics was good to a certain extent, but now researchers have found that the human body has started rejecting or remain unresponsive to antibiotics, a condition known as antibiotic resistance. It has been predicted that by 2050, there will be a condition where the human body will be completely unresponsive to these antibiotics due overdosage. This unresponsiveness of human body to antibiotics could be lethal and claim around 10 million lives in a year.
Antibiotics are generally prescribed by doctors when they suspect that certain micro organisms like bacteria or virus has entered the human body. But if the body does not respond to these antibiotics, it means that the micro organisms (bacteria or virus) have become resistant or more powerful than the antibiotic.
Why are these micro organisms in our body not responding to antibiotics now? The answer as said earlier is due to the heavy usage of antibiotics. It is a normal tendency in our country to head to the nearest chemist shop whenever we catch a cold or run high fever, instead of going to the doctor. The shopkeeper gives the best antibiotics as it is expensive than a normal paracetamol. But this over usage of antibiotics actually harm in the long run by making these micro organisms in our body change their genetic make-up in order to survive the antibiotic, leading to the rise of “superbugs”.
It has been reported by Al Jazeera that after 1980s not many antibiotics have been discovered and antibiotic resistance will be a cause of grave concern in the near future. It reported that a huge number of newborn babies in India are antibiotic resistant and around 10,000 people die per year due to this resistance.
India has earned the dubious distinction of being the worst country in terms of antibiotic overuse in the world. The number of superbug patients in comparatively higher in India than other countries due to high consumption of antibiotics. In addition to this, poor sanitation as well high population rate leads to creating more superbugs.
So it’s high time to be alert and think once again before gulping down an antibiotic. Use antibiotics only when it is needed and unavoidable.