The oldest ever stone monuments in Britain have been constructed according to the spatial movements of the Sun and Moon, more than 5,000 years back it is revealed now.
The monuments are Callanish and Stenness located in Scotland, said a recent research in the Journal of Archaeological Science.
It used an in-depth study of 2D and 3D technologies to recreate tests to prove the patterns of alignment of the standing stones.
“This research is finally proof that the ancient Britons connected the Earth to the sky with their earliest standing stones, and that this practice continued in the same way for 2,000 years,” Gail Higginbottom, Researcher at the University of Adelaide, was quoted as saying, reported IANS.
While examining the stone monuments in the Scotland Isles of Lewis, and Orkney), the researchers saw a concentration of alignments towards the Sun and Moon at different times of their cycles.
According to the researchers, there is a complex symmetry between the alignment of the stones, the surrounding landscape and horizon, and the movements of the Sun and the Moon across that landscape.
“These chosen surroundings would have influenced the way the Sun and Moon were seen, particularly in the timing of their rising and setting at special times, like when the Moon appears at its most northerly position on the horizon, which only happens every 18.6 years,” Higginbottom mentioned.
And 2,000 years later in Scotland, much simpler monuments were still being built that had at least one of the same astronomical alignments found at the great circles.
Examining sites in detail, it was found that about half the sites were surrounded by one landscape pattern and the other half by the complete reverse.
Researchers opine that people have erected these great monuments within the landscape and in relation to the astronomy they knew and invested a tremendous amount of effort and work to do so.