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Will chilli-filled PAVA shells replace pellet guns?

PAVA is "biosafe, better than chilli grenade or tear smoke shell and can also be used in combination with stun and tear shells" by security forces
Srinagar: Security forces in Srinagar, parts of the city saw curfew lifted while the valley remained tensed for 46th day

The expert committee constituted by the Home Ministry to look for alternatives to replace pellet guns has recommended chilli-filled PAVA (Pelargonic Acid Vanillyl Amide) grenades as a likely replacement, ‘Indian Express’ has reported.

According to reports, the committee is also likely to suggest use of synthetic oleoresin capsicum gas and a more potent tear gas apart from marker and stun grenades.

The pellet gun, used extensively in quelling the “stone throwing” protests in the Valley, had come under severe criticism from all quarters as these caused blinding injuries among hundreds of protesters.

The committee conducted demonstrations at a test field in the national capital early this week and it expressed satisfaction over the effectiveness of these shells in controlling protesters. It also found PAVA to be “biosafe” than chilli grenade or tear smoke shell, and can also be used “in combination with stun and tear shells” by security forces while tackling unruly protesters.

The committee noted PAVA temporarily incapacitates the target and renders them immobile for several minutes. The panel noted that PAVA is “biosafe, better than chilli grenade or tear smoke shell and can also be used in combination with stun and tear shells” by security forces.

However, according to several reports, the CRPF are unsure about the effectiveness of the alternatives provided by the committee to control crowds.

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