Study says, the high-fat diet consumed by women during pregnancy may increase the risk of bacteria living in her baby’s gut that would impact the proper development of the immune system.
The results turned out to say that expecting mothers’ diets could lead to distinct changes in their babies’ microbiome, That will affect energy extraction from food as well as early immunity development of the baby.
“Diet is very amenable to change and women are highly motivated to make healthy changes during pregnancy. Traditionally, dietary interventions during pregnancy have focused on micronutrients, such as iron and folic acid,” said the Associate Professor, Kjersti Aagaard at Baylor College of Medicine in the US.
High-fat diet in the mothers was also connected with fewer numbers of bacteroides microbes in the infants’ microbiome both in samples were taken shortly after birth, at four to six weeks of age.
Bacteroides are involved not only in breaking down but also extracting the energy from certain carbohydrates. As a result of depletion of bacteroides, carbohydrates could become unusable to the infant or other microbes.
Researchers explained, “A persistent reduction of bacteroides species in the infant gut could thus have significant consequences on energy extraction from food and developing immunity.”
Aagaard suggested, “The study speculates that there may be a sound argument to also discuss and estimate fat intake.” This was said relating to the increase of the need for dietary recommendations during the period of pregnancy.
The examined stool samples from 157 newborn babies were taken 24 to 48 hours post-delivery. Out of that, 75 babies were further sampled at four to six weeks of age, according to their study.
Mothers’ dietary intake of calories from fat per day is ranged from 14.0 per cent to 55.2 percent. This was elaborated by the researchers. The average daily intake of calories from fat was 33.1 per cent.
In an open access journal Genome Medicine, the results of this study were published.