A meeting of the Union Cabinet on Wednesday, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, approved a proposal to ratify the Paris climate agreement. It will be effective from October 2, the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
The approval will take the global greenhouse gas emissions covered by countries that have ratified the agreement so far to 51.89 per cent. The Cabinet decision follows on the heels of the PM’s announcement in this regard at the recent BJP’s National Council meet in Kozhikode. The decision is contrary to India’s earlier position that it will not be able to do so due to pending “domestic procedures”.
While approving the ratification of the Paris agreement, the Cabinet also decided that India should declare that it will treat its national laws, development agenda, and availability of means of implementation, assessment of global commitment to combating climate change, and predictable and affordable access to cleaner source of energy as the context in which the agreement is being ratified.
The treaty will come into force as and when 55 countries, contributing to 55 percent of total global emissions, ratify the agreement. So far, 61 countries have deposited their instruments of ratification and acceptance or approval, totaling 47.79 percent of the total global greenhouse gas emissions.
“Today the Union Cabinet approved the ratification of Paris agreement which is a historic decision. With the ratification, India will be one of the key countries instrumental in bringing the Paris agreement into force,” Human Resource Development Minister Prakash Javadekar, who previously held the Environment portfolio, said.
“Because of India’s push, now the world will ratify the deal soon. It will become an irreversible course of action for humankind. It is a common resolve to keep temperature rise below 2◦ Celsius. Now that target is achievable,” he said.
Javadekar noted that the four-year period between 2016 and 2020 is also important. India had played its part and now will remind the global community that their pre-2020 actions are also important, he said.