55% of undertrials are Muslims, Dalits, Tribals: reveals NCRB
National Crime Records Bureau’s prison data for 2015 reveals that Muslims, Dalits, and Tribals make up 55 per cent of undertrials across the country. The data says over two-thirds of all jail inmates are undertrials. The report indicates that 70 per cent of the undertrials didn’t have the privilege of not getting through Class 10.
Muslims, Dalits and Tribals together makeup 39 per cent of India’s population, thus making their presence among undertrials disproportionate. Muslims make up 14.2 per cent, Scheduled Castes (SC) 16.6 per cent and Scheduled Tribes (ST) 8.6 per cent of the country’s population, according to 2011 Census.
Besides, these three communities account for 50.4 per cent of all convicts. They have a comparably lower representation among convicts compared to undertrials.
Muslim community’s share among convicts is 15.8 per cent, which is slightly above their representation in the population. Muslim undertrials share is far above at 20.9 per cent.
21.6 per cent of undertrials and 20.9 per cent convicts are from SC community while ST make up 12.4 per cent and 13.7 per cent, respectively.
A total of 80,528 undertrials out of 2.82.076 undertrials (28.5 per cent) lodged in various jails in the country are illiterate and 1,19,082 have education levels below Class 10 (42.2 per cent).
The data also throws light to the fact that most of the undertrials have to spend over three months in jail before securing bail- which makes around 65 per cent spending between three months to five years.
As compared to 2014, the number of undertrials has seen a marginal dip of 0.3 per cent. The data says jails continue to remain overcrowded even if the capacity has increased over years.
Jails in Dadra & Nagar Haveli (276.7 per cent), followed by Chhattisgarh (233.9 per cent), Delhi (226.9 per cent), Meghalaya (177.9 per cent), Uttar Pradesh (168.8 per cent) and Madhya Pradesh (139.8 per cent) have seen the most overcrowding.
According to the data, 59.6 per cent of total convicts are convicted for murder cases. 26.5 per cent of undertrials were also charged with murder.Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh topped the list of murder convicts at 21.9 per cent and 15.8 per cent, respectively.
They also had the highest number of undertrials facing murder charges ar 19.7 per cent and 8.5 per cent, respectively.