Canada has announced that it will close its coal-fired power plants by 2030 as part of its strategy to cut greenhouse gas emission under the Paris climate accord.
Environment Minister Catherine McKenna announced on Monday announced a plan to phase out the use of coal-fired electricity by 2030. She said that the goal is to make sure 90 percent of Canada’s electricity comes from sustainable sources by that time – up from 80 percent today.
The latest announcement is part of measures taken by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s Liberal government for a broader climate change plan. In Canada, the plants, located in four provinces, produce about 10 per cent of Canada’s total CO2 emissions. Closing these plants will remove the equivalent in emissions of 1.3 million cars from roads, or five megatons of greenhouse gas emissions, the government said.
Other countries, including Austria, Denmark, France, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom, have also accelerated their plans to wean themselves off coal.
With an abundance of hydroelectric power, as well as nuclear, solar and wind power, 80 per cent of Canada’s electricity production emits no air pollution.
In contrast to the majors taken up by Canada, the US, Canada’s largest trading partner, seems set to scale back environmental regulations and bolster the coal industry as President-elect Donald Trump has said that he won’t accept Paris agreement.
Last year’s Paris Agreement set a goal of limiting average global warming to 2.0 degrees Celsius over pre-Industrial Revolution levels by cutting greenhouse gas emissions from burning fossil fuels.