The Nilgiri Adivasai Welfare Association (NAWA) has made it compulsory for tribal people to undergo medical checkup before marriage to check the spread of sickle cell disease.
Sickle-cell anemia is a serious health issue, which results in an abnormality in oxygen carrying protein and haemoglobin.
The symptoms of this disease are headache, joint pain, anorexia and very low immunity.
Tribal communities in Nilgiris live in the forest without much communication with the outer world.
Many people have died due to sickle cell anemia and still there are cases of the disease around there. Doctors working with tribal communities state that in certain pockets, more than 20 per cent of the population are carriers. There are tribal communities like Thodar, Kothar, Irular, Paniyar, Kurumpar, Kattu Naykkar, Petta Kurumpar etc in Nilgiris.
The tribal communities, which are aware of the danger, have made it a routine to undergo medical checkup before getting married. The NAWA has been providing medical assistance every month in the affected localities with medicine and treatment.