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How children have become vulnerable to diabetes

The report has revealed that one in every 10 children less than 16 years of age are more prone to diabetes in urban India. As per the findings, about 72 per cent urban children don't exercise regularly. Obesity is also a common factor and it has grown over 65 per cent among the children.

File : Over two-thirds of Indian children prone to diabetes

One in every 10 children between the age of 5to 16 yrs are overweight and are more prone to diabetes. The reason for the rise in childhood diabetes include a high-calorie diet, excess of junk food, lack of physical activity, less outdoor games and more of indoor games.

All these facts came to light in a recent study conducted by the Health Committee of the Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry (ASSOCHAM), the report of which was released on the occasion of World Diabetic day on November 14, which also happens to be celebrated as Children’s Day. The study was conducted in private and public schools in Delhi, Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Bengaluru, Chennai and Kolkata among 10,000 children.

The report has revealed that one in every 10 children less than 16 years of age are more prone to diabetes in urban India. As per the findings, about 72 per cent urban children don’t exercise regularly. Obesity is also a common factor and it has grown over 65 per cent among the children.

These trends are worrying. Children are at a risk of diabetes-related complications such as heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, eye problems and nerve damage etc. “The figures for Delhi are scariest. About 69% of Delhi’s children are prone to diabetes followed by Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Bengaluru and Chennai,” said ASSOCHAM Secretary General D S Rawat.

The figure for Mumbai is estimated at 56%, for Ahmedabad it is 49% people., for Bangalore it is 39% while for Chennai the percentage is estimated to be 28%. In Hyderabad and Kolkata, the number of diabetic patients is estimated at 28% and 23% of the total population respectively.

“Even in rural areas, people are increasingly becoming victims of Diabetes,” said Rawat.

And if we consider the entire world there has been a four-fold increase in the number of diabetics. The total diabetic population in the world is 422 million and about half of these live in India, China, USA, Brazil and Indonesia. Developing countries become more vulnerable because of lack of knowledge especially in rural areas, adds the report.

Releasing the study, Dr. B K Rao, Chairman of ASSOCHAM Health Committee council said, Diabetes in children is attributed to bad eating habits, nutritious meals being replaced with fast foods, physical inactivity and stress.

Dr Rao further said, Urban kids are suffering from Type-I diabetes range in the age group of 6 months to 18 years and some are even getting four insulin shots a day. Kids suffering from diabetics are getting it genetically.

The study suggests that timely screening and early identification of the disease can help the victim take immediate steps and improve the quality of life. To enable this, ASSOCHAM and its members, under CSR activities are organizing a series of free medical camps in Delhi with PSRI hospital, where comprehensive check-up, counselling, diet plan and information on diabetes management is being made available to participants.

As per the findings, Delhiites consume high amount of oil/ghee/butter in various cooked products. This has evidently increased the number of obesity and hypertension cases, giving a rise to number of diabetics.

An estimated 80 million people in India are suffering from pre-diabetes which makes them at the high risk of getting diabetes.

Factors responsible:
Family history with diabetes
Overweight
Sedentary lifestyle
Weighing 9 pounds ormore during birth

Tips for parents:
Help your child be active
Make healthy meals and snacks
Limit portion of foods high in fat, sugar and salt
Limit your child’s access to computer, smart phones and TV to 2 hours per day
Be a good role model. Eat healthy food and live an active life

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