Google Doodle honours social reformer Savitribai Phule

Phule was the first woman teacher of the first women�s school in India and a pioneer in modern Marathi poetry.

Google Doodle honours social reformer Savitribai Phule

Search engine giant, Google, has honoured social reformer Savitribai Phule on the occasion of her birth anniversary by putting a graphics of her in its doodle on Tuesday.

Phule was the first woman teacher of the first women’s school in India and a pioneer in modern Marathi poetry.

She was born to a family of wealthy farmers on January 3, 1831 in Naigaon, Maharashtra. She was married off at the young age of nine, but was determined to study and was one of the very few indigenous literate women in her era.


She went on to play a crucial role in the social reform movement in Maharashtra and along with her husband Jyotirao started the first girls school in 1848 in Pune.

She was also known for her efforts in abolishing discrimination and stood up against unfair treatment of people based on caste and gender.

Phule set up a care centre for widows and even encouraged them to remarry. She also fought for the rights of the untouchables. When bubonic plague spread in Pune in 1897, Savitri and her son opened a clinic to treat the sick. However, she succumbed to the disease in March the same year.

Savitribai was taught to read and write by her husband, Jyotirao. As one of the very few indigenous literate women of the time, she played a full part in her husband's social reform movement by becoming a teacher in the schools he started for girls and later for the so called untouchables in Pune. For this task, she had to endure a lot of abuse at the hands of the orthodox society of Pune. The couple were felicitated by the colonial government of Bombay Presidency in 1850s for this work.