Percentage of out-of-school girls in Madhya Pradesh jumps to 8.5, says report
As per the Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2016 which has released recently in New Delhi by Pratham Education Foundation, in some states, the proportion of girls (age group 11-14) �out-of-school� remains greater than 8 percent.
According to an education status report for 2016, Madhya Pradesh is among the top three states in the country where the percentage of out-of-school girls is the highest.
As per the Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2016 which has released recently in New Delhi by Pratham Education Foundation, in some states, the proportion of girls (age group 11-14) ‘out-of-school’ remains greater than 8 percent. These states are Uttar Pradesh (9.9 percent) and Rajasthan (9.7 percent). Madhya Pradesh joined them with 8.5 percent.
“The proportion of ‘out-of-school’ girls (not dropouts but who never went to school) in Madhya Pradesh was at 6.2 percent during 2014. This has now increased to 8.5 per cent,” Foundation’s MP Chief Sajjan Singh Shekhawat said.
There are about 1.22 lakh schools including 83962 of primary level, 30449 middle, 3849 higher secondary and 4764 of high schools in Madhya Pradesh.
This status report has revealed the condition of poor quality of education and its infrastructure in the state.
This education status report found that 2.9 percent girls of 7-10 years of age group were not enrolled in schools. Similarly, 29 percent girls in the age group of 15-16 years were out of schools during last year.
The report also pointed out that 2.9 percent of the students of class eight in the state failed to even read letters while 13.5 percent of them were able to read the standard one level text. Besides, 64.3 percent students of class eight could read letters meant for class-II but not above.
6.7 percents of class-five and 1.6 percent students of class eight of the state have failed to recognise the digits, one to nine. Similarly, 8.1 percent students of class eight even fail to read English capital letters. This percentage is 18.4 for class-five students.
There were no toilets in 20 percent of the schools in the state in 2010. The report says, this percentage is reduced to 5.6 per cent in 2016.
The status report has also stated that 35.9 percent toilets in schools were not useable. Moreover, 23.4 percent schools in the state are still without a separate toilet for girls while 11 percent of toilets were found locked. In 19.7 percent schools, the toilets for girls were not useable.
While the state government is focusing on IT education, the report found that there was no computer for students in 97.5 per cent schools in rural areas.
However, Minister of State for School Education in MP Deepak Joshi said he would look into the report.
“We have made efforts to enroll girls in government schools. We are running the ‘School Chalen Abhiyan’ to enroll all the children for schools,” Joshi said.
He added that the state government has constructed 50,000 toilets in schools and is focusing on infrastructure development.
“I have no qualms in admitting that there are problems of water in toilets at some schools. The state government has constructed separate toilets for girls in entire state,” he claimed adding that the Panchayats were also told to clean the toilets at least once in a week to ensure sanitation.
This Pratham Education Foundation report also revealed that the fraction of ‘out-of-school’ children (age 6-14) has increased between 2014 and 2016.
These include MP (from 3.4 percent to 4.4 percent), Chhattisgarh (from 2 percent to 2.8 percent), and Uttar Pradesh (from 4.9 percent to 5.3 percent), the report said.
“In nine states, the level of English reading of private schools has also improved. These are Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Assam, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana,” the report pointed out.
On the other hand, the attendance level of students in MP has been on lower side at 50 to 60 per cent along with some other states including UP, Bihar, Manipur and West Bengal.
“As in previous years, student attendance varies considerably across the country. States like Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Haryana, Nagaland, Mizoram, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Tamil Nadu have attendance levels that are above 80 per cent,” the report added.
Foundation’s General Manager Ranajit Bhattacharya said that this survey was completed in a period of 100-days and with help of about 150-master trainers, who further trained other partners at district level.
“Our sample size is bigger than the NSSO. We have local partners in every district. The process of this survey is started from August every year,” he added.